In a car with a manual gearbox, you need a clutch assem […]
In a car with a manual gearbox, you need a clutch assembly to make the car work properly, because the engine keeps spinning, but the car's wheels don't. In order to stop the car without stopping the engine, the wheels need to be removed from the engine. To this end, the clutch is installed between the engine and the gearbox.
Most automotive clutches are dry single-plate clutches with two friction surfaces. In any application, the function and purpose of the clutch are to transfer torque from the rotating drive motor (engine) to the transmission. By controlling the slip between the clutches, the clutch allows us to smoothly engage the rotary engine to the non-rotating transmission.
But before we understand how the clutch works, we must understand the main clutch components used in most manual transmission cars. Below are the 4 main clutch components among many components
Flywheel; The flywheel is connected to the crankshaft of the engine and will rotate at the same speed as the engine.
Clutch pressure plate (clutch cover); the clutch cover is installed on the flywheel, and its speed is the same as the engine speed. The pressure plate is used to compress the clutch disc.
Clutch disc (friction disc type); the clutch disc is a friction disc placed between the pressure plate and the flywheel and is sandwiched between the flywheel and the pressure plate. The clutch disc is connected to the gearbox gear through the input shaft of the gearbox.
Release bearing; release bearing transmits linear thrust from the clutch pedal to the rotating clutch plate assembly mounted on the flywheel.
The work of a car clutch is divided into two conditions, that is, they engage or disconnect the engine power flowing to the gearbox. This means that there are two conditions for the clutch to work. The first is when the clutch pedal is not depressed, and the second is when the clutch pedal is depressed.
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